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Tiki Central Forums General Tiki The Asmat People of New Guinea
The Asmat People of New Guinea
Babalu
Tiki Socialite

Joined: Nov 19, 2006
Posts: 2505
From: Lemon Grove
Posted: 2010-02-12 2:36 pm   Permalink

The Asmat People of New Guinea

Ok, I was going to post the below information on my thread in "Other Crafts", but I began to think that perhaps "General" is where it might be best suited.

Over the past year, my artistic pursuits have lead me down a path of research of the artwork of New Guinea (NG) as a whole. When I first pointed my arrow in the direction of NG, it was simply because I was intrigued with the wonderful use of line, combined with animal imagery found in the artworks there. What I discovered, however, was that what I became "more" interested in was the people themselves, the symbolism's, and the mystical qualities attributed to the design in, and surrounding their art work. The drums of NG are of special interest to me not just for the their spiritualism, but also because of the natural transition these objects have to drinking vessels (mugs) that I might reconstruct in clay. I have tried not to narrowed my sights to just this one focus. In all this looking around NG, perhaps one of the most intriguing subjects to surface for me was the Asmat peoples. The area of NG in which the Asmat live was one of the last places on this planet to be discovered in any depth. In fact, It looks to me "right now anyway", that the art of the Asmat was largely overlooked by the MidCentury artists and crafts people that were playing with images from the South Pacific region; not because it lacked the content to be integrated into the western based art movements springing up at the time, but more over, because of the very limited collections of objects and historical reference to the area that had been gathered back then. Still, a few major artists such as Henry Matisse, and a few others, were known for having owned, and referenced in their own art, some art of the Asmat. Big pole carvings from the Asmat, drums, and shields really didn't start coming out of the area in any "real" numbers until the mid 1960's. There was a noted mapping expedition of the area that took place in the late 1800's, and small amount of art brought out...mid 50's even more...but it wasn't til the late 50's early 60's did museum curators, and collectors really start to pouring into the area and pulling artwork out. The earlier collections seemed for a long time to be stored away in Dutch museums....out of sight, out of mind.

Location: The Asmat region is located in the deep forbidding jungles in the southwest area of New Guinea...considered Melanesia. This area was not to long ago considered the eastern most area of the Dutch East Indies, but is now considered a part of Indonesia. New Guinea is divided more or less by a steep mountain range...it even snows up on the peaks. The Pacific side of NG is called Papua New Guinea (PNG) of the The southwest area of NG is very wet and flat and again, very heavily jungled. Located next to the shallow Arafura Sea, the countless muddy streams that lead inland to the Asmat can only be traveled at high tide. Finding a rock in the area is like finding a needle in a hay stack. During the beginning stages of WW11, our troops landed not too far from this area in NG...as the crow flies not to far that is...that's a whole other topic for a different thread really...



The People: Death is very important to the Asmat..."without death, their can be no life" for the Asmat. Head hunting was (and perhaps still is in some remote areas) a way of life for the Asmat. Head hunting was only really recently (1960's) abolished by law. A young boy could not become a man until he had taken the head of an enemy. There were no natural causes for death in the Asmat belief structure, unless it was a very young, or very old person. For the Asmat, if someone died for whatever reason, someone else had wished it so...and that death needed to be avenged before the soul (or spirit) of that dead person could move across the sea to heaven.





Art in General: The south west of New Guinea can't be very friendly to carvings being so wet...this is most likely one reason why you don't find any really old art around. The art of the Asmat was not built for museums, it deteriorates over time. The pigments used on all carvings are limited to only 3 colors...red (iron ore rich mud from the region), white (lime made from ground clam shells mixed with water), and black (charcoal). Even today, with other pigment choices available, the Asmat rarely venture from this pallet.



Drums: It is said by the Asmat, that the creator (named Fumeripits) built the first Jeu, or drum. His beating on this Jeu animated, or brought to life the carvings to which he had done from trees...the first man. The Asmat feel that their Wowipit's (carvers) works are a link, or a bridge between the material and spiritual worlds. Most all of the carved images on these drums, and almost everything else carved for that matter, are symolic of headhunting. Below are some wonderful examples of some more recent drum carvings (mid 70's to 90's). Ok, you carvers are going to love this...the below Youtube links are done of an Asmat Wowipit making a drum...I think this is just priceless footage. There are 2 parts to this video - each 10 mins in lenght...grab a cup of coffee, and post up...you will enjoy it. Be sure to follow other Youtube links on the Asmat as well...

Caving video 1:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=523OH0Rfkac

Carving video 2:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nvz6uy32C4M















Sheilds:

A carved shield is very special to the Asmat as it holds the spirit of a dead ansester. An Asmat shield it called by the name of that dead ansester that it reflects...when a worrior goes in to battle with his shield, he has his family kicking ass by his side. It has even been noted where ememy have actually surrendered to the Asmat (knowing of the certen death) at just the sight of a powerful shield.







Well, there is so much more that I could talk about...the carved poles, figuretive carving, ceramonial dress, etc...instead, let me provide you with a few resourses to have some fun on your own if you choose too...



This is a wonderful book (many of the above pictures were pulled from it): "Asmat Art" by Dirk Smidt....a very detailed, colorful book...one you should have in your collection -



The Lowell D. Holmes Museum of Anthropology - Witchita State
This has been my favorite resource Sites....look at all that work (drums pictured above are from this Site)
http://holmes.anthropology.museum/asmat/drumfull.html

another...
http://library.wichita.edu/colldev/asmat/images.htm#Drums

The American Museum of Asmat - St Thomas
http://www.stthomas.edu/arthistory/asmat/

There are many other Sites too...just follow links on these links...

Ok, there's some information on the Asmat peoples and their art...I'm wondering if anyone out there might have come across any of this type of Asmat imagery used in the more kitcher arena of Polenisia Pop and the Golden Age of Tiki here in America?...I'm guessing (for reasons listed above) that there just isn't a whole lot?

Thanks for looking -

[ This Message was edited by: Babalu 2010-02-12 15:35 ]


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Sophista-tiki
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Joined: Sep 13, 2005
Posts: 1720
From: Seattle WA
Posted: 2010-02-12 3:04 pm   Permalink

great post This has always been one of my favorite areas of Pacific art because of the patterns and design. Your research gives it a new dimension. now onto the links.

 
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MadDogMike
Grand Member (6 years)  

Joined: Mar 30, 2008
Posts: 7318
From: The Anvil of the Sun
Posted: 2010-02-12 3:27 pm   Permalink

Great art there Babayaga. Thanks for sharing those hours of research.

 
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kahalakruzer
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Joined: Jan 29, 2008
Posts: 309
From: Dana Point! California
Posted: 2010-02-12 4:12 pm   Permalink

Great work with the overview of Asmat artwork, Babalu! I've been wondering about the Asmat people lately, after finding a local secondhand store had has a stockpile of Asmat poles and figures. Thanks for taking your time to post this.
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congatiki
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Joined: Jun 01, 2004
Posts: 2467
From: wisconsin northwoods
Posted: 2010-02-12 5:09 pm   Permalink

Great post Babalu, great images, videos and info. I might take up the
challenge to carve one, can I use your leg for the "adhesive"?


 
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uncle trav
Tiki Socialite

Joined: Apr 27, 2005
Posts: 1789
From: Kalamazoo
Posted: 2010-02-12 5:51 pm   Permalink

Great post Babalu. Here is one of the shields shown on the cover of a great book I'm reading about a Dutch expedition to the area in 1959. Keep up the great work.

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Titanium Chef
Member

Joined: Feb 13, 2010
Posts: 1
Posted: 2010-02-13 12:30 pm   Permalink

There is some interesting and RARELY seen information about the Asmat in the book, "Cocktails of the South Pacific and Beyond" - and also some other Tiki history that you won't find anywhere else. The book is in print and available through online sellers.

 
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cheekytiki
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Joined: Mar 09, 2004
Posts: 1091
From: The Haole Hut, London, UK
Posted: 2010-02-14 03:51 am   Permalink

This is my Asmat Sheild (80")and an Asmat Sago bowl which it is believed that the brains of a headhunted enemy were served on such bowls. This sago bowls is shallow and elaborately carved only on the undersides with the Handle in the shape of a ancestor. Size: 26"x10". Both collected in the 1960s







I also have some intersesting New Guinea pottery which I have lost the info on where it was from, probably the Sepik River area.



 
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Babalu
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Joined: Nov 19, 2006
Posts: 2505
From: Lemon Grove
Posted: 2010-02-14 09:20 am   Permalink

all....It's almost like it went from no information, to information overload on the Asmat in the last few decades.

Uncle Trav - That book looks like a "must get" for me...For some reason, old black and white safari jungle movies keep popping in my head when I think about an expatiation into the interior of New Guinea.

Conga - I was thinking that that bass wood you carve on up there might be fun for one of these drums...It carves well and holds some detail. I've got a big ass fresh Mexican Fan Palm trunk drying in my driveway right now that I would like to try one out of these drums on. I don't think palm will be that good for these...we'll see. You ought to come on down when you get ready to attach the lizard skin (can find on eBay)...I was thinking of having Buzzy over to show us how its done - he's a young kid, he can take it.

Chef T - Hey welcome to TC!! Would love to find out more on what that book you mentioned references...

Cheeky - dang sister, you have some tasty morsels there...Your shields are amazing, and that pottery is VERY delicious! I don't see much PNG pottery.
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little lost tiki
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Joined: Jun 12, 2006
Posts: 7582
From: Orange,CA-right near the Circle!
Posted: 2010-02-14 11:14 am   Permalink

Hail Sai Baba!
PNG is finally peeking it's head out from under all those moais,kus,and marquesans!
Thanks Rick for sharing all this grand information and pics!
When you gonna do a drum with all those figures on it?

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Babalu
Tiki Socialite

Joined: Nov 19, 2006
Posts: 2505
From: Lemon Grove
Posted: 2010-02-17 5:39 pm   Permalink

Quote:

On 2010-02-14 11:14, little lost tiki wrote:

When you gonna do a drum with all those figures on it?





Soon...




 
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little lost tiki
Tiki Socialite

Joined: Jun 12, 2006
Posts: 7582
From: Orange,CA-right near the Circle!
Posted: 2010-02-18 08:04 am   Permalink

HOLY BABALONEY!
that's BEEEE-A-U-TIFUL!
if anyone can nail it
it's SAI-BABA!
deeeeeng!


 
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Sabu The Coconut Boy
Tiki Central Poet Laureate

Joined: Aug 20, 2002
Posts: 2793
From: Carson, California
Posted: 2010-03-02 5:32 pm   Permalink

Awesome drum, Babalu!!!

Thanks for posting all the drum photos too. Some really nice designs there.

Here are a few shots of Asmat artifacts at the new exhibit at the Bowers Museum in Santa Ana.

I've got some more photos on this thread:
http://www.tikiroom.com/tikicentral/bb/viewtopic.php?topic=35442&forum=17&5













Let me know if/when you're coming up to see the exhibit. I should be getting some guest passes in the mail soon. Maybe you and Squid and I can make a field-trip out of it.

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Babalu
Tiki Socialite

Joined: Nov 19, 2006
Posts: 2505
From: Lemon Grove
Posted: 2010-03-03 7:24 pm   Permalink

Thanks for the GREAT shots Sabu, and hell yes I want to go! I have to make a glaze run up that way some time soon anyway...maybe we can take this show in, then step out for some steak and pie somewhere too?

It's wonderful to see this "amazing" gathering of work displayed so well...great spacing of the work. The way the museum has lit the work enhances the magic...

Those "Bisj" poles are something else! For those of you that might have not read up on this yet, "bisj are made for a festival called the bisj mbu. during the bisj mbu a number of these poles are placed in front of the men's house. The bisj ceremony serves as a promise by the living to avenge the death of the people that are carved into the poles. During the festival the men boost about their heroic deeds and engage in mock battles. They want to make it clear that they are capable of avenging the dead, thus convincing their spirits that it is safe to travel to Safan...the realm of the dead. The dead are buried with their feet facing the river. The river, of course, is the road to the sea, and behind the sea is the realm of the ancesters. Thus the deceased require a canoe to reach the realm of the ancesters. The bisj serves as a ritual canoe, to take the souls of the deceased to Safan. This is why the bottom of the bisj have the shape of a small canoe. In that recetacal food is placed for the journey of the dead to the other world."

Here are couple other cool facts about the bisj poles...

- "The pennant-shaped protrusion rising up from the body is called the tsjemen (litterally "penis")."

- "even the making of the bisj mimes the taking of a head. Once the tree is chosen, the carver confronts the tree as if it were an enemy that he wants to decapitate. he cuts it down as if it were an enemy, and strips off the bark. At this stage the tree releases a blood red sap, resembling the blood of a man being skinned."




 
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Babalu
Tiki Socialite

Joined: Nov 19, 2006
Posts: 2505
From: Lemon Grove
Posted: 2010-03-04 10:56 am   Permalink

Stoked I just saw on Taboo Dan's sweet tiki bar thread that there were some Asmat shields being offered up at the Trader Vics Seattle auction not long ago...though it must have been later on, it still appears none the less that Asmat design has been represented in an established Tiki Bar...Thanks Taboo Dan! Did a TC member pick these up?

http://www.tikiroom.com/tikicentral/bb/viewtopic.php?mode=viewtopic&topic=30631&forum=20&start=90




[ This Message was edited by: Babalu 2010-03-04 10:58 ]


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